- Term used to refer to the period from 1309 to 1377 when the seat of the papacy was in Avignon, France. Pope Clement V moved his court there to avoid the constant conflicts caused by the rivaling factions of Rome and intrusions from the Holy Roman Emperor. Seven popes reigned during this period, all of French nationality. The term "Babylonian Captivity" was adopted to equate what some viewed as the captivity of the papacy by the French kings to the exile of the Jews in Babylon from the kingdom of Judea. The term also refers to Petrarch's "unholy Babylon," which he likened to the harlot of the Apocalypse. In this context, it alludes to the papacy's lavish expenditures and abuses while in Avignon.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
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Babylonian Captivity — n. 1. BABYLONIAN EXILE 2. the period of forced residence of the popes at Avignon, France (1309 77): so called after the exile of the Jews … English World dictionary
Babylonian captivity — The Babylonian captivity, Babylonian exile, is the name typically given to the deportation and exile of the Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Judah to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar during the 6th Century BCE. The Captivity and subsequent return to… … Wikipedia
Babylonian captivity — 1. the period of the exile of the Jews in Babylonia, 597 538 B.C. 2. the exile of the popes at Avignon, 1309 77. * * * … Universalium
Babylonian Captivity — See Avignon … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY — the exile of JEWISH people from Jerusalem which began in 597 B.C. In CHRISTIAN thought it became a symbol of corruption in the CHURCH … Concise dictionary of Religion
Babylonian captivity — banishment of the residents of Judea to Babylon during the 6th century BCE … English contemporary dictionary
Babylonian Captivity — /bæbəloʊniən kæpˈtɪvəti/ (say babuhlohneeuhn kap tivuhtee) noun the period from 597 to about 538 BC when the Jewish people lived in exile in Babylonia … Australian English dictionary
Babylonian Captivity — noun the deportation of the Jews to Babylonia by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC • Instance Hypernyms: ↑exile, ↑deportation, ↑expatriation, ↑transportation … Useful english dictionary
Babylonian captivity (disambiguation) — Babylonian captivity may refer to various historical events: *The Babylonian captivity of the Jews, or Babylonian exile, is the name generally given to the deportation and exile of the Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Judah to Babylon by… … Wikipedia
Babylonian Captivity of the Church, The — The Babylonian Captivity of the Church was a pamphlet written by Martin Luther calling for reform of the church s sacramental system. It was one of three pamphlets he issued at the end of 1520 in response to the papal bull Exurge Domin. The… … Encyclopedia of Protestantism